The following facts are from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).
Behavioral Health is Essential to Health…
- In 2012, 43.7 million U.S. adults aged 18 or older (18.6 percent of adults) had a mental illness in the past year.
- In 2012, 34.1 million U.S. adults aged 18 or older (14.5 percent of adults) reported receiving mental health services in the past year.
- Among adults aged 18 or older in 2012, 9.6 million (4.1 percent of adults) had serious mental illness in the past year.
- Among the 43.7 million adults aged 18 or older with any mental illness in 2012, 17.9 million (41 percent of adults) received mental health services in the past year. Among the 9.6 million adults with serious mental illness in 2012, 6 million (62.9 percent of adults) received mental health services in the past year.
- In 2010, suicide was the second leading cause of death for people aged 25 to 34, and the total number of suicides and alcohol- and drug-induced deaths is greater than deaths caused by traffic accidents, HIV/AIDS, and breast cancer combined.
- In 2012, 22.2 million people aged 12 or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year.
- In 2012, 20.6 million people aged 12 or older needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol use problem, but did not receive treatment at a specialty facility in the past year.
- In 2012, 8.4 million U.S. adults reported having co-occurring disorders, meaning they have both a mental and a substance use disorder.
Individuals with mental illnesses have increased risk for a number of physical health problems, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and smoking. Half of all lifetime cases of mental and substance use disorders begin by age 14 and three-fourths by age 24.
Prevention Works, Treatment is Effective, and People Recover…
- The first symptoms typically precede a mental and/or substance use disorder by two to four years, offering a window of opportunity to intervene early and often.
- Early treatment for mental illnesses can help delinquent adolescents avoid violent futures.
- Scientific research shows that treatment can help patients addicted to drugs stop using, avoid relapse, and successfully recover their lives.
- Approximately three-quarters of Americans believe that recovery is possible from addiction to substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and marijuana.
- Two-thirds of Americans believe that treatment and support can help people with mental illnesses lead normal lives.
Groups Who Can Make a Difference…
- About 36.5 percent of clergy preach a sermon on substance use disorders more than once a year.
- In 2012, 30.4 percent of youths aged 12 to 17 reported they had attended religious services 25 or more times in the past year; 74.4 percent agreed or strongly agreed with the statement that religious beliefs are a very important part of their lives; and 33.7 percent agreed or strongly agreed with the statement that it is important for their friends to share their religious beliefs.
Youth (ages 12-17) and Young Adults (ages 18-25):
- In 2012, there were about 2.9 million people aged 12 or older who used an illicit drug for the first time, and more than half of these initiates were younger than age 18.
- The percentage of young adults 18 to 25 (6.8 percent) who have a co-occurring disorder was the highest among adults age 18 and older.
- Studies have shown that children with poor academic performance and inappropriate social behavior at ages 7 to 9 are more likely to be involved with substance abuse by age 14 or 15.
- In the United States, there are approximately 794,300 police officers and detectives, more than 1.1 million firefighters operating in more than 30,000 fire departments, and approximately 226,000 EMTs and paramedics.
- In the United States, 18.9 percent of men and 15.2 percent of women in the United States reported a lifetime experience of a natural disaster. The effects of a natural disaster can cause mental illnesses, most frequently post-traumatic stress disorder, followed by depression, and then other anxiety disorders.
- Untreated mental and substance use disorders are costly for states, which can lead to increased spending in various settings, such as hospitals, correctional facilities, schools, and homeless shelters.
- Research shows that for every $1.00 invested in prevention and early treatment programs, $2.00 to $10.00 could be saved in health costs, criminal and juvenile justice costs, educational costs, and lost productivity.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings, NSDUH Series H-47, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 13-4805. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2013, p. 1.